Played by his superior in the East India Company, the Marquess of Hastings. This book provides an account of Singapore’s founding by drawing on the personal correspondence between these two men.
Published here for the first time, these private letters reveal the challenges that Raffles and Hastings faced when manouvering within the Dutch-dominated East Indies. The letters also reveal the complex relationship between the two men.
Historian John Bastin brings rigorous scholarship to bear in Raffles and Hastings, while at the same time presents it in a clear, readable style that will engage both specialist and general readers.