Discover Sustainability: Connecting with Nature

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Animal Conservation Series:
Protecting Birds in Singapore

Suitable for 4 to 6 years old


From the ever-present Mynah to the colourful Kingfisher, birds are a common sight in this garden city we call home. But did you know they do a lot more for the environment than just adding life and colour to our surroundings? Find out more about the role birds play in our ecosystem, the dangers they face, and how we can do our part to keep them safe.


Name the different parts of a bird.
Point in the picture the different parts of the bird based on the words below.


Why are Birds Important?

Birds have a big role in the ecosystem.

  • They help to pollinate plants when they eat nectar from flowers. This allows plants to bear fruits.

  • When birds eat fruits, they help to spread seeds through their droppings.

  • They also help to manage pests as some birds eat insects.



Dangers in the City

Here are some dangers that are affecting the bird population and behaviour in the wild.


How can we help?
A little help goes a long way. Here are some ways we can help protect the birds.




Where to Birdwatch?
You can spot the common birds in your neighbourhood but if you’d like to see other types of birds, you can visit these places.

  • Punggol Waterway Park

  • Kranji Marshes

  • Southern Ridges

  • Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve

Remember that you are visiting these birds in their homes.

When birdwatching,

  1. Watch the birds quietly.
  2. Stand at a distance.
  3. Feeding is disallowed.
  4. Leave nature as it is.

Did You Know?

You can join the Garden Bird Watch, a biannual event organised by NParks.


DIY Binoculars

  • Step 1:
    Attach the toilet paper rolls with glue or tape

  • Step 2:
    Wrap the toilet paper rolls together with a piece of recycling paper

  • Step 3:
    Decorate your binoculars with decorative materials such as recycled coloured paper or coloured pencils

  • Step 4:
    Punch holes on the sides of the binoculars and attach the twine


A Garden to Save the Birds 

A Garden to Save the Birds
Author: Wendy McClure & Beatriz Mayumi (Illustrator)
Publisher: Chicago, Illinois : Albert Whitman & Company, 2021

Counting Birds 

Counting Birds: The Idea That Helped Save Our Feathered Friends (Young Naturalist)
Author: Heidi E.Y. Stemple & Clover Robin (Illustrator)
Publisher: Lake Forest, CA : Seagrass Press, 2018.

The Lost Little Bird 

The Lost Little Bird
Author: David McPhail
Publisher: New York : Henry Holt and Company, 2021.

All book covers are copyright of the respective publishing companies.

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Animal Conservation Series:
Sea Turtle Rescue

Suitable for 4 to 6 years old


As an island nation, Singapore has to be extra conscious about the creatures who call the oceans their home.
Sea turtles may look tough with their strong shells, but in reality they face many dangers from humans and the environment.
Discover some simple steps that we can take to keep our sea friends safe and learn how you can make your very own (paper plate) sea turtle!


I'm a Little Turtle



Where do Sea Turtles live?

  • In the desert

  • In the sea

  • In the forest

In the sea

Which body part below belongs to a Sea Turtle?

  • Legs

  • Tentacles

  • Flippers


What is the extinction risk of Sea Turtles?

  • Endangered

  • Extinct

  • Neither, there are plenty of sea turtles!


More about Sea Turtles


Why are Sea Turtles important?


Sea Turtles help to maintain healthy marine ecosystems - that includes seagrass, corals, shrimp, lobster and tuna.

Sea Turtles contribute to culture and tourism when people travel to learn more about different places and marine life.

Dangers to Sea Turtles


Sea Turtles and their eggs are harvested for food and medicine. Some people sell parts of turtles for money.

Trash in the sea and on beaches might trap turtles, or they might mistake plastic for food and choke on them.

Turtles get caught in fishing nets when they surface to breathe.

Habitat Loss
Sea Turtles lose their homes when humans use the sea and beaches for their own activities. Climate change also affects Sea Turtles' lives.

How Can We Help?


Use Less Plastic
Use reusable bags, straws and bottles. Recycle plastic where possible.

Hang on to Helium Balloons
Helium balloons harm Sea Turtles when they fall and cause pollution.

Buy Eco-Friendly Products
Buy environmentally-friendly products and help to protect the home of Sea Turtles!



Paper Plate Sea Turtle

Materials required:

1. Paper plate
2. Green acrylic paint
3. Green paper
4. Colour pencils/markers
5. Scissors and glue
6. Turtle template (to print)

  • Use acrylic paint to paint the bottom side of a paper plate green.

  • Print and colour the template (above) then cut out the parts of the Turtle, along with the shaded flaps.

  • Glue the shaded side of the flaps to the unpainted side of the plate to form your turtle.

  • Cut out rounded squares from construction or origami paper.

  • Glue them onto the painted side of the plate to decorate the shell.



Run Sea Turtle Run A Hatchlings Journey 

Run, Sea Turtle, Run: A Hatchling's Journey
Author: Stephen R. Swinburne
Publisher: Minneapolis : Millbrook Press, [2020]

Grace the Green Sea Turtle 

Grace the Green Sea Turtle (Reptile Adventures)
Author: Rebecca Johnson
Publisher: New York : Windmill Books, an imprint of Rosen Publishing, 2018.

On Kikis Reef 

On Kiki's Reef
Author: Carol L. Malnor & Trina L. Hunner (Illustrator)
Publisher: Nevada City, CA : Dawn Publications, [2014]

All book covers are copyright of the respective publishing companies.

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