Role of Boards in Managing Risks

Introduction In an increasingly vulnerable economic and social landscape, non-profit organisations (NPOs) and Volunteer Welfare Organisations (VWOs) are now playing a greater role in plugging social gaps, addressing social problems and meeting the needs of the under-served customer segments. Because of the trust that are placed on NPOs and VWOs, their Boards are expected to… Read more »

Teen Violence

Introduction Teen violence refers to the deviant behaviour of youths (in the adolescent age group between 13 and 21 years old) intended to cause harm to others such as their peers from school or people from their neighbourhoods. Violent acts may involve fighting, use of weapons (for example, guns and knives) and bullying. The resulting… Read more »

Gaming Addiction

Introduction Gaming addiction comprises of computer game addiction, Internet or online game addiction and video game addiction. Computer game addiction generally refers to an excessive and unhealthy amount of playing computer games. The addicted gamer often isolates himself from others and ignores more important responsibilities. He uses most of his free time for gaming, regularly… Read more »

Open Innovation

Introduction Open innovation is the crowdsourcing of knowledge and resources from external sources to drive internal innovation. This concept was developed by Henry Chesbrough, a professor at the University of Berkeley’s Haas Business School, in 2003. Since then, many organisations such as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Unilever, Samsung and JTC Corporation, have… Read more »

Contemporary China

Introduction 1978 marks the launch of economic reforms for China when veteran statesman Deng Xiaoping assumed leadership of the Chinese Communist Party and introduced a new economic development strategy aimed at rebuilding China’s ailing economy and society. The new Chinese government led by Deng Xiaoping adopted an open-door policy and encouraged foreign trade and investment… Read more »

Leong Yoon Pin 梁荣平

Introduction Leong Yoon Pin 梁荣平 (b. 5 August 1932, Singapore–d. 13 April 2011, Singapore) was a composer, conductor and educator. Described as the doyen of Singapore composers, Leong was well-known for his choral compositions, many of which were locally commissioned and performed by both amateur and professional choirs. His compositions were often infused with a… Read more »


Introduction Humanitarianism is defined as the act of improving the welfare and happiness of people in relation to saving lives and alleviating the suffering of people who have been caught in or displaced by man-made and natural disasters and warfare.  It also involves helping communities to prevent and/ or to make vigorous preparations for potential… Read more »

Role of boards in setting executive director’s compensation

Introduction Board members are the fiduciaries who steer the organisation towards a sustainable future by adopting sound, ethical and legal governance and financial management policies as well as by making sure the organisation has adequate resources to advance its mission. The director/executive compensation environment continues to evolve and the benchmarked best practices continue to change. Besides… Read more »

  • All Guides

    Coffee Reads

    Added on

    A selection of coffee-inspired reads for the coffee soul in you local delights picks from the island know your coffee explore the world of coffee the barista in you tips & recipes to make your home brew a little light reading quirky reads inspired by coffee other resources it’s not all about books! (tip: if… Read more »

  • All Guides, Visual Arts

    Singapore Visual Arts on NORA

    Added on

    Introduction About NORA This resource guide highlights selected artworks and artists available on the National Library portal, NORA (National Online Repository of the Arts). NORA aims to showcase Singapore arts heritage and is a database of digitised works in the literary, visual, performing and traditional arts. Some of these works may be unpublished, out-of-print or… Read more »

  • All Guides, Alt Screen: In Transit

    Born In Syria

    Added on

    Introduction   This resource guide accompanies the programme, Alt Screen: IN TRANSIT – Born in Syria (Singapore Premiere). Since the onset of the Syrian Civil War in 2011, an estimated nine million Syrians have fled their homes, with children making up half that number. Born in Syria follows the journeys of seven child refugees escaping from… Read more »

  • All Guides, Business

    Productivity & Innovation

    Added on

    Introduction Peter Drucker, who is widely acknowledged as the Father of modern business management, once said that increasing the productivity of workers in the knowledge society is “the most important contribution management needs to make in the 21st century”. In order to stay competitive and relevant in the today’s global economy, many economies and organisations… Read more »

  • All Guides, Social Sciences and Humanities

    Ageing & Longevity

    Added on

    Introduction According to the World Health Organization (WHO), health refers to the physical, mental and social wellbeing of people. Healthy ageing is defined as developing and maintaining optimal health and functions in older adults in a society. It can be achieved through the safeguard of communities, active promotion of health and wellbeing, healthcare services and… Read more »

  • All Guides, Business

    Innovation for Nonprofit Organisations

    Added on

    Introduction Innovation involves the introduction of new ideas, methods or products; it can also comprise changes to existing ways of how things are made or done. With globalisation and an increasingly digital economy today, it has become one of the core drivers of performance and growth for organisations. Many leaders have recognised the importance of… Read more »

  • All Guides, NL Prominent Speaker Series

    NL Prominent Speaker Series: Chris J. Reed

    Added on

    The National Library regularly host renowned speakers from the arts, heritage, technology and social sciences sectors to share with the wider community and to exchange ideas. Organised by the National Library, this event was held on 29 June 2017. This guide accompanied the talk given by Chris J. Reed on the topic “It’s Not What You Know, It’s… Read more »

  • All Guides, Singapore and Southeast Asia, Visual Arts

    Angkor Wat

    Added on

    Introduction Angkor Wat, with its sheer size and complex architecture, is one of the most well-known monuments in Cambodia. Located north of Siem Reap and south of Angkor Thom, the construction began within the first half of the 12th century during the reign of King Suryavarman II. This was the zenith of cultural, religious and… Read more »

  • All Guides, Four Conversations

    Creativity as an Essential Skill for Future-Readiness

    Added on

    This resource guide was one of the four produced for “Four Conversations: New Thinking for a New World”. Organised by the National Library, the event was held on 3 and 4 June 2017. This guide accompanied the talk given by Professor Robert Root-Bernstein on the topic “Creativity as an Essential Skill for Future-Readiness”.        … Read more »

  • All Guides, Four Conversations

    Journey into the Mind of a Top Scientist

    Added on

    This resource guide was one of the four produced for “Four Conversations: New Thinking for a New World”. Organised by the National Library, the event was held on 3 and 4 June 2017. This guide accompanied the talk given by Professor Sir David Lane on the topic “Journey into the Mind of a Top Scientist: Nurturing… Read more »