Role of Boards in Managing Risks

Introduction In an increasingly vulnerable economic and social landscape, non-profit organisations (NPOs) and Volunteer Welfare Organisations (VWOs) are now playing a greater role in plugging social gaps, addressing social problems and meeting the needs of the under-served customer segments. Because of the trust that are placed on NPOs and VWOs, their Boards are expected to… Read more »

Teen Violence

Introduction Teen violence refers to the deviant behaviour of youths (in the adolescent age group between 13 and 21 years old) intended to cause harm to others such as their peers from school or people from their neighbourhoods. Violent acts may involve fighting, use of weapons (for example, guns and knives) and bullying. The resulting… Read more »

Gaming Addiction

Introduction Gaming addiction comprises of computer game addiction, Internet or online game addiction and video game addiction. Computer game addiction generally refers to an excessive and unhealthy amount of playing computer games. The addicted gamer often isolates himself from others and ignores more important responsibilities. He uses most of his free time for gaming, regularly… Read more »

Open Innovation

Introduction Open innovation is the crowdsourcing of knowledge and resources from external sources to drive internal innovation. This concept was developed by Henry Chesbrough, a professor at the University of Berkeley’s Haas Business School, in 2003. Since then, many organisations such as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Unilever, Samsung and JTC Corporation, have… Read more »

Contemporary China

Introduction 1978 marks the launch of economic reforms for China when veteran statesman Deng Xiaoping assumed leadership of the Chinese Communist Party and introduced a new economic development strategy aimed at rebuilding China’s ailing economy and society. The new Chinese government led by Deng Xiaoping adopted an open-door policy and encouraged foreign trade and investment… Read more »

Leong Yoon Pin 梁荣平

Introduction Leong Yoon Pin 梁荣平 (b. 5 August 1932, Singapore–d. 13 April 2011, Singapore) was a composer, conductor and educator. Described as the doyen of Singapore composers, Leong was well-known for his choral compositions, many of which were locally commissioned and performed by both amateur and professional choirs. His compositions were often infused with a… Read more »


Introduction Humanitarianism is defined as the act of improving the welfare and happiness of people in relation to saving lives and alleviating the suffering of people who have been caught in or displaced by man-made and natural disasters and warfare.  It also involves helping communities to prevent and/ or to make vigorous preparations for potential… Read more »

Role of boards in setting executive director’s compensation

Introduction Board members are the fiduciaries who steer the organisation towards a sustainable future by adopting sound, ethical and legal governance and financial management policies as well as by making sure the organisation has adequate resources to advance its mission. The director/executive compensation environment continues to evolve and the benchmarked best practices continue to change. Besides… Read more »

  • All Guides, Performing Arts, Singapore and Southeast Asia, Visual Arts

    The Substation Donor Collection

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    Introduction The Substation is Singapore’s first independent contemporary arts centre. It was founded in 1990 by the late Kuo Pao Kun, Cultural Medallion Recipient and theatre doyen. The Substation presents a wide range of artists and programmes, supporting diversity and depth in the arts and engaging with a wide repertoire of artists. It has played… Read more »

  • All Guides, Singapore and Southeast Asia, Visual Arts

    The Arts Space (Season 1): Jalan-Jalan

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    The Arts Space at Level 8 of the National Library has been re-imagined as a space that brings to life our rich collection from books and photographs to artworks and poems. Inspired by the painting, “The Couple” by acclaimed Singapore artist Tan Swie Hian, the Arts librarians have set out to create a multi-purpose space –… Read more »

  • All Guides, Science and Technology, Social Sciences and Humanities

    Climate Change

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    Introduction Climate change refers to significant, long-term changes in the global climate. The global climate is the connected system of sun, earth and oceans, wind, rain and snow, forests, deserts and savannas, and everything people do, too. Changes in the global climate and resultant changes to land areas, oceans and coastal regions impact us and… Read more »

  • All Guides, Social Sciences and Humanities

    Seminal Books on Early Childhood Education

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    Introduction This resource guide is a step towards developing a practical and authoritative early childhood education collection at the National Library Singapore and is useful for industry practitioners, educators and students pursuing early childhood education courses. A total of 164 titles covering different aspects of early childhood education are listed under the following eight categories:… Read more »

  • All Guides

    Coffee Reads

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    A selection of coffee-inspired reads for the coffee soul in you local delights picks from the island know your coffee explore the world of coffee the barista in you tips & recipes to make your home brew a little light reading quirky reads inspired by coffee other resources it’s not all about books! (tip: if… Read more »

  • All Guides, Visual Arts

    Singapore Visual Arts on NORA

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    Introduction About NORA This resource guide highlights selected artworks and artists available on the National Library portal, NORA (National Online Repository of the Arts). NORA aims to showcase Singapore arts heritage and is a database of digitised works in the literary, visual, performing and traditional arts. Some of these works may be unpublished, out-of-print or… Read more »

  • All Guides, Alt Screen: In Transit

    Born In Syria

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    Introduction   This resource guide accompanies the programme, Alt Screen: IN TRANSIT – Born in Syria (Singapore Premiere). Since the onset of the Syrian Civil War in 2011, an estimated nine million Syrians have fled their homes, with children making up half that number. Born in Syria follows the journeys of seven child refugees escaping from… Read more »

  • All Guides, Business

    Productivity & Innovation

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    Introduction Peter Drucker, who is widely acknowledged as the Father of modern business management, once said that increasing the productivity of workers in the knowledge society is “the most important contribution management needs to make in the 21st century”. In order to stay competitive and relevant in the today’s global economy, many economies and organisations… Read more »

  • All Guides, Social Sciences and Humanities

    Ageing & Longevity

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    Introduction According to the World Health Organization (WHO), health refers to the physical, mental and social wellbeing of people. Healthy ageing is defined as developing and maintaining optimal health and functions in older adults in a society. It can be achieved through the safeguard of communities, active promotion of health and wellbeing, healthcare services and… Read more »

  • All Guides, Business

    Innovation for Nonprofit Organisations

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    Introduction Innovation involves the introduction of new ideas, methods or products; it can also comprise changes to existing ways of how things are made or done. With globalisation and an increasingly digital economy today, it has become one of the core drivers of performance and growth for organisations. Many leaders have recognised the importance of… Read more »