‘A History of the Singapore Chinese Chamber of Commerce’

Conducted by Dr Sikko Visscher from the University of Amsterdam on 19 June 2007, the talk on the history of the Singapore Chinese Chamber of Commerce provided a fascinating and alternative look at the political history of Singapore. This talk is the result of the close collaboration and relationship that NLB has cultivated with local academic institutions such as Singapore Society of Asian Studies.

ARI Asia Trends Conference 2007 -‘Women and Religion in Asia’

This conference brought leading international and national women speakers to address the role of Asian women in religion, and to encourage Singaporeans to participate actively in these debates. The Conference came about through close ties that NLB has forged with institutions such as the Asian Research Institute (ARI) to bring conferences and talks of depth to our public.

Peer Review Partnership with New Zealand

An international peer review of National Library Singapore was conducted by the Senior Management team of the National Library of New Zealand. The team, including the Chief Executive and National Librarian, Ms Penny Carnaby, conducted an onsite review through interviews with relevant staff and specially prepared materials which questioned and examined different aspects of our operations and service. The areas under review included our proposed functions, strategies, services, digital infrastructure for the delivery of digital services and our staff’s capacity and competency level.

Legal Deposit Seminars

The education sector was one of the areas selected by the National Library to raise more awareness about Legal Deposit. Three seminars were organised for educators from secondary schools and junior colleges to find out more about Legal Deposit and services provided by NLB to publishers. A revised and updated version of the Legal Deposit brochure, which integrated information on Legal Deposit, International Standard Serial Number (ISSN), International Standard Book Number (ISBN) and the Community Involvement Programme, was distributed to targeted groups during relevant events. Visits were made to five schools to highlight the role of Legal Deposit and to obtain publications from these schools. Schools visited were Convent of the Holy Infant Jesus Toa Payoh, Victoria School, Gan Eng Seng Secondary School, Raffles Institution and St Margaret Secondary School. As at end February 2008, a total of 47,484 items were received and processed for Legal Deposit. These consisted of books, serials and audiovisual items in the four official languages.

Launch of the Baba Bibliography

A talk on ‘Sarong and Kebaya: The Peranakans and their part in the 500-year history of an early global style’ was given in conjunction with the book launch of ‘A Baba Bibliography: A select annotated listing of sources on the Peranakan Chinese in Singapore and Malaysia’. The programme was well attended and 100 copies of the bibliography were given away at the event. On another occasion, a paper was presented by Ms Bonny Tan, Reference Librarian, Lee Kong Chian Reference Library, on Baba identity through the Baba Bibliography at the 5th International Convention of Asia Scholars, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2 to 5 August 2007.

Waxing Nostalgic About the National Stadium

An exhibition featuring photographs of the National Stadium was held from 7 to 22 October 2007. This exhibition showcased a photography competition that was organised to reminisce the past and to capture the final moments of the National Stadium as part of a final tribute to it.

Collaboration with Xiamen Library

An official trip was made by members of the ‘Legacy of Tan Kah Kee and Lee Kong Chian Exhibition’ working team to Xiamen and Nan’an between 21 and 26 October 2007. The objectives of the trip were to source for artefacts, photographs and materials related to the Legacy Project; to explore areas of collaboration on the exhibition with Xiamen Library, Overseas Chinese Museum, Tan Kah Kee Museum, Xiamen University and Furong Foundation of Nan’an; and to establish contacts and network with researchers and librarians from the above organisations working on the project.

Literary Heritage Showcase

Cultural performances and activities abound at the Heritage Road Show 2 such as Silat, Chinese opera and henna painting for visitors.

Dr Vivian Balakrishnan, Minister for Community Development, Youth & Sports (left) and Dr N Varaprasad, Chief Executive, NLB, at the launch of the ‘Literary Heritage Showcase’ at the National Library Building.

Dr Balaji Sadasivan, Senior Minister of State for Foreign Affairs and Dr N Varaprasad, Chief Executive, NLB, at the launch of the ‘Kaalachakra: Wheel of Time’ Exhibition.

An exhibition held in celebration of the 80th birthday of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand at the National Library Building.

Cover of Fang Xiu’s bibliography. Fang Xiu, a literary pioneer, paved the way forward for local writing.

November 2007 was a big month for the National Library with Heritage being the main theme for a wide variety of events and exhibitions that were held to celebrate the significance of our shared history. In the Heritage Road Show 2 which kicked off on 10 November 2007, we asked the public for photographs, postcards, pictures, or illustrations of historic buildings, landmarks, places, or street scenes of Singapore that are no longer in existence (especially those before 1970). The Heritage Road Show 2 drew a record of 1,000 people to the event, with at least 300 items such as photos, pictures and postcards donated by the public.

The National Library also launched the Deposit website on the same day. Local publishers now have a platform to deposit their materials digitally and perform other services electronically. This website, http://deposit.nl.sg, also serves as a convenient avenue for members of the public and organisations to digitally donate their literary treasures to the National Library.

Besides the donation drive, the Donors Gallery, which gives a glimpse of the numerous treasures and artefacts that we have received over the years, was launched. Accompanying the launch of the Donors Gallery were three other heritage-themed exhibitions: 50 Years of Singapore Chinese Periodicals, Nanyang Pioneer Artists, and the Publications of the Singapore Chinese Clans. The three exhibitions drew a total of about 16,000 visitors while a talk on Chinese Magazines and a forum on Chinese Language in Singapore attracted 500 participants. A bibliography ‘50 years of Chinese Periodicals’ featuring Chinese magazines of 1940-1989, was also published.

‘Kaalachakra: Wheel of Time’ Launch and Exhibition

Launched on 17 November 2007, and set to run for six months, the Kaalachakra exhibition on the early Indian influences in Southeast Asia was a prominent showcase within NLB’s exhibitions calendar. It focused on the cultural and religious influences as well as early trade related incursions from South India to Southeast Asia and vice versa up to the 13th Century. More importantly, it traced the influence of the Sanskrit and Tamil languages in this region and the spread of Hinduism and Buddhism. To complement the exhibition, a suite of collaterals was printed. This consisted of a gallery guide to provide more details of the key exhibits showcased in the exhibition, a set of four bookmarks and postcards, publicity brochure and posters as well as a select annotated bibliography.

Legal Deposit Presentation at Singapore Writers Festival Professional Symposium

The Singapore Writers Festival Professional Symposium, held at the Arts House on 6 and 7 December 2007, was geared towards writers and the publishing industry. It addressed the business of books from manuscript to a publication. NLB made a short presentation on Legal Deposit and its benefits and significance for writers and publishers.

Father of the Land’ - A Tribute to King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand

Another partnership that was forged in 2006 came to the fore on 18 December 2007 as the Royal Thai Embassy and NLB came together to present this exhibition to mark the 80th birthday of King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand. Besides tracing the growth of the king from childhood through to the present day, the exhibition also showcased previously unseen photographs for an intimate look into the life of one of Southeast Asia’s most prominent characters. This followed the success of the ‘Ode to Friendship: Celebrating Thailand-Singapore Relations’ exhibition last year. This exhibition attracted 5,864 visitors who gained a better understanding into one of the most prominent political figures in Southeast Asia.

Vintage Cars Take Centrestage

On 26 January 2008, the ground floor stage area of the National Library Building became a showcase of vintage cars dating as far back as 1920s. In fact, this collection of fine old cars included two racing cars that were once used for the Singapore Grand Prix in the 1960s. There was also an accompanying forum entitled, ‘A Prelude to the Grand Prix’ held on the same day that talked about the history of the Singapore Grand Prix. It traced the history of local racing from 1961-1973 as well as the stories of past local racing champions. The event attracted a total of 600 people who attended both the talk and the exhibition.

Launch of Fang Xiu’s Bibliography

The launch of Fang Xiu’s bibliography and related exhibition further widens NLB’s focus on Singapore’s local literary heritage. Fang Xiu, a literary pioneer, paved the way forward for the advance of local writing. The exhibition, together with the book launch, provided valuable insights and knowledge into one of Singapore’s foremost literary giants. The programme was a huge success; drawing in close to 300 participants while the exhibition itself drew at least 1,000 visitors in just three days after its launch.

David Marshall: Life and Legacy

NLB and Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS), together with the Academy of Law, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Diplomatic Academy and the Jewish Welfare Board jointly organised this symposium to commemorate the centenary birthday of the late David Marshall, described by many as one of the giants in Singapore’s history. This symposium, which featured speakers like Professor Kishore Mahbubani and Ambassador Chan Heng Chee, attracted more than 300 participants eager to pay tribute to a great man. The event also received a lot of media attention, making the front page of the Straits Times and receiving extensive coverage in all the major papers and television channels. This event is a testament to NLB’s programming objective that revolves around the theme of Founding Fathers – which aims to reintroduce the historical heroes that
made valuable contributions to the development and growth of our island-state.

Generous Donations and Significant Acquisitions

While NLB does acquire materials and rights to materials in its constant drive to expand its knowledge base, a significant portion of NLB’s priceless resources come from generous donations from institutions and private individuals. Over the period of the year in review, the following were the donations to and acquisitions by NLB:

[Left] Donation of photograph of Shuang Lin Monastery taken before 1919 by the family of the late Eleanor O’Hara [Middle] Donation of letter dated 27 Oct 1939 from the Chinese Consul in Kuala Lumpur to the Chinese Consul General in Singapore by Lin Qiong [Right] Donation of photograph ‘Tongkangs along Singapore River, 1964’ by the family of the late Kouo Shang-Wei

  1. Donation of 300 printing blocks and publications by Feeha Cheng Seah Temple (飞 霞 精 舍)
  2. Donation of rare books by Datin Patricia Lim
  3. Donation of 1,206 publications on Singapore literature and six volumes (over 800 pages) of documentary records, manuscripts, etc and the digital rights by Lin Qiong (林 琼)
  4. Donation of nine photographs and a book of late Feng Jiao Yi (冯 蕉 衣) by Fong Took Seng (冯 笃 生)
  5. Donation of print collection from Singapore Exchange Limited
  6. Donation of 4,000 publications and rare materials on Singapore, Southeast Asia and East Asia by George Hicks
  7. Acquisition of digital rights for 16 personal diaries of Mr Lee Kip Lee
  8. Donation of heritage materials on Christmas Island and Sabah by Mr Wan Meng Hao
  9. Acquisition of digital rights to St Joseph’s Church collection of church records dating from 1848
  10. Conversion of loan to donation of about 2,000 hand-carried letters and early legal documents related to Singapore by Mr Koh Seow Chuan
  11. Acquisition of digital rights of about 1,000 photographs and publications from Thau Yong Amateur Musical Association (陶 融 儒 乐 社)
  12. Donation of about 8,000 monographs and serials on literature and drama from the family of Lin Chen (林 晨)
  13. Donation of the Percy R Hill Collection of 60 glass plate negatives by the late Eleanor O’Hara
  14. Donation of about 400 pages of Fang Xiu (方 修) manuscripts by Mr Tan Suan Poh (陈 川 波)
  15. Donation of 89 local Chinese periodicals by Chwa Seh Kea (蔡 世 居)
  16. Donation of 281 local Chinese periodicals by Ho Phang Phow (何 炳 彪)
  17. Donation of 33 local Chinese publications by Yeo Oi Sang (杨 善 才)
  18. Acquisition of several notable rare publications from The Straits Settlements era:
  19. – Straits Settlements. Colonial Annual Reports 1887 to 1937 (51 reports in seven volumes)

    – Straits Settlements. Report on the Federated Malay States for 1904, 1905 and 1906

    – Proceedings of the Commission appointed to enquire into matters relating to the use of opium in the Straits Settlements and the Federated Malay States (published in 1909)


Launch and Rollout of Network of Specialists

The Network of Specialists platform provides a means for managing knowledge and encouraging collaboration amongst librarians. The project was also showcased at the launch of the Collaborative Reference Network Services.

The Network of Specialists (NOS) was launched for Lee Kong Chian Reference Library librarians on 2 May 2007. NOS allows librarians to conveniently seek assistance for complex reference enquiries from subject specialists and provides a common workspace for them to share their knowledge with each other. This results in an improvement in the quality of librarians’ recommended solutions for reference enquiries. The NOS platform also introduces a new way of managing tacit knowledge and encourages collaboration amongst librarians through an adaptation of social networking technologies. This project was showcased at the launch of Collaborative Reference Network Services in July 2007.

Dublin Core and Metadata Applications International Conference

Launched on 28 August 2007 by Dr Vivian Balakrishnan, Minister for Community Development, Youth and Sports and then Second Minister for Information, Communications and the Arts, the International Conference on Dublin Core and Metadata Applications was a three-day event organised by NLB and Dublin Core Metadata Initiatives (DCMI). The theme was ‘Application Profiles: Theory and Practice’. Singapore played host to the 7th in a series of conferences held since 2001, joining past cities such as Tokyo, Madrid, Seattle and Shanghai. NLB also officially announced the incorporation of DCMI in Singapore as an independent legal entity by 2008.

Launch of Infopedia Map and Rollout

In September 2007, the project team introduced geo-tagging to location-based Infopedia articles to enable visual discovery using Google map. This project was featured in NLB Innovation Carnival 2007. On 23 October 2007, as part of NLB’s Learning Fest 2007 held at Woodlands Regional Library, the Infopedia Plus! was showcased alongside other projects in NLB that represent creativity in library services. At this event, InfopediaPlus! came out tops for best showcase. InfopediaPlus! featured the services Infopedia Map and InfopediaTalk. Both services bring our Singapore Infopedia e-resources to a more holistic perspective; users can now explore Singapore’s landscape and architecture with information and interactive dialogue freely online.

Index to Singapore Information (ISI dotSG)

As at end February 2008, a total of 6,785 articles were indexed and 1,264 article titles were edited for the Index to Singapore Information (ISI dotSG) project.

Update on NORA

The NLB Online Repository of Artistic Works (NORA) is meant to be a resource guide to some of Singapore’s best and most respected practitioners in the arts today. The ongoing research and documentation on the lives and works of Singapore’s 18 Cultural Medallion Recipients will provide detailed biodata and biography, a photograph, an annotated bibliography, a mini-documentary on each of the recipients and a selection of their representative works in this resource guide. When completed, the documentation would be uploaded onto the revamped online NORA platform as part of the digital resources under the new National Library Web. NORA will also be renamed National Online Repository of the Arts. Sporting a new look, the revamped website will have a gallery showcasing the Cultural Medallion Recipients, more art categories, and a more user-friendly and visually attractive interface.

Directing Asia 2007

Mr Tan Swie Hian, one of our local literary giants, showing his works to Guest-of-Honour, Mr Khaw Boon Wan, Minister for Health, during the launch of his 9-volume selected works at the Donors Gallery, National Library Building.

A signature programming series for the last two years, Directing Asia continued to put the spotlight on the best cinematic talents in Asia, getting them to talk about topics and issues that concern not just Asian cinema but also Asian societies as a whole. Over the year in review, NLB continued to bring the best the industry had to offer. One of the giants of Asian cinema, award-winning auteur, Tsai Ming Liang, came to NLB on 1 April 2007 to talk about topics that were close to his heart, namely the human dimensions of obsession and rejection. On 21 July 2007 NLB welcomed one of Singapore’s most talented directors, Royston Tan, who shared his views and ideas about his latest work ‘881’. On 11 August 2007, local song writing sensation Liang Wern Fook and acclaimed Hong Kong play writer Raymond To, who are both authors of The Theatre Practice’s Mandarin musical titled ‘If There’re Seasons’, came together to share their views on the relationship between language, music and theatre. Members of the audience learnt from these artists’ perspectives about art and entertainment through lively and interactive dialogue sessions.

Launch of Tan Swie Hian’s Nine Volume Omnibus

Jointly organised by NLB and Candid Creation Publishing LLP and sponsored by Deutshe Bank, this event saw the launch of artist Tan Swie Hian’s new book, a nine volume omnibus of his selected works. Launches such as these underscore NLB’s continuous support and promotion of the local art scene. This event attracted 400 participants including the participation of 11 schools. It was also the first time that Tan Swie Hian had written a poem for recital on the spot.

Discovery Channel’s ‘Beyond the Limit’

A collaboration between NLB and the Discovery Channel, ‘Beyond The Limit’ was a suite of programmes and an exhibition held between 12 and 20 May 2007. ‘Beyond the Limit’ tracks the journey of a group of mountaineers trying to conquer the Everest challenge. Professional photographer, Mark Rodgers shared his experience and expertise to a packed audience but the talk that garnered the most attention was the motivational talk by double amputee, Mark Inglis, who shared his experience of conquering Everest.

Lee Kong Chian Fellowships

Over the year in review, five fellowships were awarded to:

  1. Mr Leander Seah on 8 June 2007, researching on the topic of ‘Conceptualizing the Chinese World: Jinan University, Lee Kong Chian University, and the Nanyang Connection, 1900-1942’.
  2. Mr Prasana Weerawardane on 13 July 2007, researching on the topic of ‘Explorations of trade & cultural links between South Asia & SEAsian cultures in 1-7 AD’.
  3. Dr Ky-Phuong Tran on 21 January 2008, researching on the interactions between upland and lowland by ‘Reverie Exchange Network’ in Central Vietnam
  4. Mr Lim Peng Han on 21 January 2008, researching on 19th Century Malay book printing and publishing in the Straits Settlements, 1819-1899
  5. Ms Khoo Sim Lyn on 21 January 2008, researching on the depiction of World War II in Singapore and Southeast Asian children’s books

First Anniversary of National Library Garden Walks

Ms Ngian Lek Choh (right), President of the Library Association of Singapore and Deputy Chief Executive of the National Library Board, presents a token to an international delegate at the ‘10th International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions Interlending and Document Supply (ILDS) International Conference’.

Professor Werner Aisslinger gives a talk on the design thinking behind his creations, and the past and present works with furniture and retail companies.

An exhibition on the first decade of nation building that laid the foundation for Singapore’s political survival, economic viability and social unity.

The National Library Garden Walks celebrated its first anniversary on 27 October 2007. A total of 42 volunteers attended the get-together session where they received tokens of appreciation from Ms Ngian Lek Choh, Director, National Library, for their continuous support. Dr P N Avadhani, a Garden Walks volunteer and retired Associate Professor from the National University of Singapore (Botany Department), was invited as the guest speaker to share on the topic ‘Plants and Human’. At the end of the event, librarians of Lee Kong Chian Reference Library led visitors on a tour of the National Library Building’s plant collections. From April 2007 to March 2008, a total of 24 Garden Walks tours were conducted for 567 visitors.

10th IFLA ILDS International Conference

NLB hosted the 10th International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) Interlending and Document Supply (ILDS) International Conference. The conference met with an overwhelming response by over 200 international delegates to engage in insightful exchanges on the theme ‘Resource Sharing for The Future, Building Blocks for Success’. In this conference, delegates sought to examine and share information on how libraries around the world are taking pro-active steps to regularly examine the delivery of information to users, and how they are promoting and implementing the use of technology (in streamlining international resource sharing and delivery) to better meet end-user needs.

A Distinguished Launch for ‘Passage Through China

Mr Lee Khoon Choy, former Minister of State and a Distinguished Reader, launched his book, ‘Passage Through China: This Land So Rich in Beauty’ on 29 October 2007 at the National Library Building. The Guest-of-Honour, President S R Nathan and other Distinguished Readers such as Dr Andrew Chew, Mrs Jean Marshall, Mrs Hedwig Anuar and Mr R. Ramachandran attended the event.

Design Thinking with Professor Werner Aisslinger

Professor Werner Aisslinger, who rocked the design world in 2003 with the first prototype of the Loftcube - and also the creator of many masterpieces for world renowned furniture brands, such as Cappellini, Zanotta and Magis - gave his insights into the design thinking behind his creations in a stimulating one-hour talk at the National Library Building. In the course of his talk, he also touched on his personal approach as well as his past and present works with furniture and retail companies.

NIE-NLB Malay Seminar Series

This groundbreaking collaboration between the National Institute of Education (NIE) and NLB marks a significant milestone in the advent of a discourse on Malay issues and culture. By working with NIE, NLB is able to bring in prominent speakers from the Malay community to talk about topics and issues that are of great concern not just to Malays but also to the rest of Singapore. This series was held once a month from January to March 2008 and with more planned in the pipeline. Speakers who have graced the occasion include Zak Jalil an Educationist, Djamal Tukimin an established writer, Nadiputra a theatre practitioner, Isa Kamari a novelist, cultural activist and Cultural Medallion (2007) winner.

Smart Shelf Prototype Update

By leveraging on the Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology which NLB had adopted years back, NLB has brought the applications of RFID technology to a higher level by creating value and tackling pertinent issues faced. For this project, Agency for Science, Technology & Research (A*STAR), which is known for their technology innovations, was roped in as a partner. After the Proof-of-Concept model was successful, the technical feasibility of a library smart shelf solution using RFID technology to track and trace books on the shelves was tested. The smart shelf prototype is to be deployed over two collections at Lee Kong Chian Reference Library on Level 7 at the Social Sciences and Applied Sciences section in April 2008.

Launch of National Essay Competition and ‘Singapore: The First Ten Years of Independence’ Guide

The launch event for the National Essay Competition and ‘Singapore: The First Ten Years of Independence’ guide was held at the National Library Building on 29 March 2008. The Guest-of-Honour, Mr Ho Kwon Ping, Executive Chairman, Banyan Tree Holdings Limited, along with 120 guests including teachers and students, attended the event. Both the National Essay Competition and the guide are part of a project, ‘10 Years That Shaped A Nation’, which also comprised a travelling exhibition. Jointly produced by NLB and the National Archives of Singapore, the guide aims to raise awareness among Singaporeans of the challenges that faced Singapore’s First Cabinet in 1965, the approaches they took to deal with these challenges, the policies they implemented, and their contributions to Singapore’s progress and prosperity.


Colloquia on ‘Managing Regional Change: Singapore in a Larger Asia’

A preview to the future Marina Bay, this exhibition shares the excitement of the impressive and intricate model of a unique project, including the region’s first integrated resort, The Marina Bay Sands.

Posing for the cameras at the launch of EnterpriseOne Business Information Services at National Library Building are (from left to right) Mr Loh Khum Yuen, Chief Executive, SPRING Singapore; Mr Chong Lit Cheong, Chief Executive, IE Singapore; Guest-of-Honour, Mr Lee Yi Shyan, Minister of State for Trade and Industry; Dr N Varaprasad, Chief Executive, NLB and Mr Stephen Lee, Chairman, Singapore Business Federation.

The ‘Active, Beautiful, Clean Waters’ exhibition at the National Library Building presents a physical depiction of the vision to transform Singapore into a City of Gardens and Water.

The colloquia was jointly organised by NLB and the Asia Competitiveness Institute, Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy on 17 May 2007. The Guest-of-Honour, former Member of Parliament of Tampines GRC and one of National Library’s Distinguished Readers, Mr Yatiman Yusof, launched the publication, ‘Statistical Snapshots of Asia-Pacific Countries’, together with Ms Ngian Lek Choh, Director of National Library, and Professor Neo Boon Siong, Director of Asia Competitiveness Institute. The keynote speakers included Dr Surin Pitsuwan, former Thai Foreign Minister and Professor Phillipe Lasserre, Emeritus Professor of Strategy and Business, INSEAD. An evening reception was held after the colloquia, which saw the launch of the ‘National Directory of Scholars: Humanities and Social Sciences’ by Ms Ngian Lek Choh and Professor Tan Tai Yong, Dean, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, National University of Singapore.

‘Designing Leisure - Inspirations from The Marina Bay Sands’

This public exhibition, held from 4 to 24 June 2007, highlighted the design of the region’s first integrated resort, The Marina Bay Sands. It aimed to engage the Singapore community and share the excitement of this unique project by providing a rare opportunity for people to get up close with the impressive and intricate model of the unique project. The showcase also included a preview of the future Marina Bay, as it is transformed by numerous significant developments. Exhibitions like these form part of NLB’s strategy to bring the latest local issues and concerns to the public.

Launch of EnterpriseOne Business Information Services

Together with the official opening of the EBIS @ NLB Centre, EnterpriseOne Business Information Services (EBIS) was successfully launched on 2 August 2007 at the National Library Building. The Guest-of-Honour for the launch was Minister of State for Trade and Industry, Mr Lee Yi Shyan. Targeted at small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs), EBIS aims to equip them with information skills as well as updated industry information to assist them in making the right decisions to grow their businesses successfully. A total of 15 EBIS Networking Sessions were held from August 2007 to March 2008.

The ABC Waters Exhibition

The Active, Beautiful, Clean (ABC) Waters Exhibition was a physical presentation of the vision to transform Singapore into a City of Gardens and Water, bringing people closer to our waterways so that they can better appreciate and cherish this precious resource. The public learned how integrating the streams, rivers and lakes with the parks and gardens in a holistic way can create new active community spaces. This exhibition was held from 11 to 28 October 2007.