Statement of International Cataloguing Principles (2)

From the previous post, you will notice ICP regards any cataloguing codes should use the conceptual models of entities, attributes found in FRBR, FRAD, and FRSAD.  This is reflected in Section 3 of the statement.  The statement also accepts the four user tasks of FRBR as the objectives and functions of catalogues (in Section 4).  They are

-Find
-Identify
-Select
-Obtain or Acquire.

However, the statement adds a fifth one, which is

“4.5. to navigate within a catalogue and beyond (that is, through the logical arrangement of bibliographic and authority data and presentation of clear ways to move about, including presentation of relationships among works, expressions, manifestations, items, persons, families, corporate bodies, concepts, objects, events, and places)”

Besides the principles and objectives, the statement also includes guiding rules on search and retrieval capabilities in catalogues.  This is reflected in Section 7:

“7. Foundations for Search Capabilities

7.1. Searching
Access points are the elements of bibliographic and authority records that 1) provide reliable retrieval of bibliographic and authority records and their associated bibliographic resources and 2) limit search results.

7.1.1. Searching Devices
Names, titles, and subjects should be searchable and retrievable by means of any device available in the given library catalogue or bibliographic file (by full forms of names, by key words, by phrases, by truncation, by identifiers, etc.).

7.1.2. Essential Access Points
Essential access points are those based on the main attributes and relationships of each entity in the bibliographic or authority record.

7.1.2.1. Essential access points in bibliographic records include:
authorized access point for the name of the creator or first named creator of the work when more than one is named
authorized access point for the work/expression (this may include the authorized access point for the creator)
title proper or supplied title for the manifestation
year(s) of publication or issuance of the manifestation
controlled subject terms and/or classification numbers for the work
standard numbers, identifiers, and ‘key titles’ for the described entity.

7.1.2.2. Essential access points in authority records include:
authorized name or title of the entity
identifiers for the entity
variant names and variant forms of name or title for the entity.

7.1.3. Additional Access Points
Attributes from other areas of the bibliographic description or the authority record may serve as optional access points or as filtering or limiting devices for a search.

7.1.3.1. Such attributes in bibliographic records include, but are not limited to:
names of creators beyond the first
names of persons, families, or corporate bodies in roles other than creator (e.g., performers)
variant titles (e.g., parallel titles, caption titles)
authorized access point for the series
bibliographic record identifiers
language of the expression embodied in the manifestation place of publication
content type
carrier type.

7.1.3.2. Such attributes in authority records include, but are not limited to:
names or titles of related entities
authority record identifiers.
7.2. Retrieval
When searching retrieves several records with the same access point, records should be displayed in some logical order convenient to the catalogue user, preferably according to a standard relevant to the language and script of the access
point.”

This section 7 should be used a basic requirement of the online catalogues.