Critical Thinking

Curated Reads by the National Library, Singapore

One of the most crucial skills in the workplace, critical thinking involves analysing a situation from all angles in order to generate optimal solutions. However, many employees and even those in leadership positions do not exercise this skill as much as they should. The lack of critical thinking results in hasty decisions, careless mistakes and sometimes even costly measures to remedy the problem. To help you acquire this important skill, we have prepared the following resources as a starting point.



The Art of Thinking Clearly
Call no.: 153.42 DOB

An interesting, easy-to-read book on how one can “learn to recognise and evade the biggest errors in thinking” (p. xviii), this multidisciplinary work draws from theories in behavioural economics, psychology and neuroscience.

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Using real-life examples, each chapter unpacks the cognitive biases that affect the decisions we make every day. In Chapter 20, for example, Rolf Dobelli examines the tendency to judge a decision by its outcome and argues that it is more important to understand the reasons for making that decision in the first place:


A bad result does not automatically indicate a bad decision and vice versa. So rather than tearing your hair out about a wrong decision, or applauding yourself for one that may have only co-incidentally led to success, remember why you chose what you did. Were your reasons rational and understandable? Then you would do well to stick with that method, even if you didn't strike it lucky last time.


Grab this ebook now or visit our public libraries to borrow a physical copy.

Book cover image credit: All rights reserved. HarperCollins Publishers, c2013.




Thinking Fast and Slow
Call no.: 153.42 KAH

In this highly acclaimed book, Daniel Kahneman takes us on a groundbreaking tour of the mind and explains the two systems that drive the way we think. System 1 is fast, intuitive and emotional; System 2 is slower, more deliberative and more logical.

Grab this ebook now or visit our public libraries to borrow a physical copy.

Book cover image credit: All rights reserved. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2011.



Reading Critically

To acquire the knack for critical thinking skills, first you need to read critically, meaning to read beyond mere comprehension. This skill allows us to read beyond just understanding the text. Follow the steps in this infographic to help you analyse, understand and evaluate what you read.



5 Tips to Improve Critical Thinking

We are faced with a sea of decisions every day, and it’s impossible to make a perfect choice every time. Watch this video for tips to improve our chances.